How To Write The Most Impressive Character Analysis In Your Life
A character analysis is a type of written assignment whose main
objective is to evaluate and analyze the traits of a specific character from a
literary work. The analysis may include the evaluation of the character’s role
in the story and the conflicts they go through.
When analyzing a character from a book, it is not enough to just list
their traits. You need to do your analysis through a critical approach. There
are some effective techniques that can help you write a solid character
analysis, which we will talk about later.
Book authors usually go into great detail when describing the appearance
and personalities of their main characters. You can find out a lot about the
character by simply reading the book and paying attention to the most important
parts like the character’s age, body type, ethnicity, and anything else that
may be relevant to the story. Usually, even more, time is spent by the author
to describe the personality traits, motivation, and views on life, so you just
have to be very attentive when studying the piece you are about to analyze.
Noting as many qualities as you can help you do a more complete analysis of the
What Character Analysis Really Means
A typical well-written piece of literary work will hardly mention any
character traits directly. It is the reader’s job to spot those subtle behavior
patterns and motivation and deduce the personality traits those patterns can be
attributed to. That is why it is so important to be highly attentive when
reading the book and looking for clues. You will need to learn to read between
the lines to find out exactly what the author meant to say without actually
Even the most seemingly insignificant moments from the book can signal
about essential character traits and motivation of the subject of your
analysis. If it is clear that the character has gone through a lot of hardships
in their life, then finishing the book with a happy ending has even more
significance for the character and our understanding of him. The character may
be brave, reserved, hurt, strong, and if the writing is good and you have done
your share of analysis, you will know it even without the author mentioning
those words even once in the book.
How To Do A Critical Analysis
The job of analyzing a character from a literary work is both fun and
challenging. Deducing the motivation and traits of the character can be a very
fulfilling task, but you also need to be highly attentive and know certain
techniques for analyzing the characters from a book. The good news is that you
don’t need any specific knowledge of psychology to do it — just remember to use
our helpful tips. Here is a list of things to look for in the author’s
description of a character:
- Motivation. What are
the primary reasons for causing the character to act the way he does? Does
the character act primarily impulsively or are his actions based on logic
- Actions. Analyzing the
character’s actions can reveal a lot about their personality. What are the
types of actions the character prefers throughout the book? Are most of
his actions an attempt to correct the wrongdoings of other characters or
is the character himself the person with the most wrongdoings? Can the
character be called devious or is he often mischievous?
- What the character
says. Here you will need to analyze the character’s vocabulary and assess
their level of education. Can you say that the character is highly
educated or do his words reveal a different picture? Does the character
often use slang or job-specific vocabulary, or is his speech clean and
correct? Do their phrases reveal their old or young age? Can you tell what
job or hobby the character has by the vocabulary they are using?
- Descriptions. For this
section of the analysis, you will need for the ways the character is
described by other characters in the book and himself. The descriptions
can concern physical or character traits. They can also be impartial,
emotional, or even judgmental, depending on the opinion about the
- Name. If the character
in the book is strictly referred to by their name, analyzing the
connection of the name to the personality can be tough. However, if the
character is named something like Johnny the Mischief, you can instantly
tell the place the character has in the story and even the author’s
attitude towards the character.
How To Write A Character Analysis
There are dozens of different types of characters to be found in any
book. The characters can be minor or major; they can serve as protagonists or
antagonists; you can characterize the character as good, bad, or neutral. Here
is a list of the most common character types you will likely encounter in your
- Protagonist. The
protagonist of a book is often the main character of the story, the one
who moves the story forward. Without the protagonist, the story would
often stagnate. The protagonist is also someone we are highly interested
in from the start.
- Antagonist. The
antagonist is, in a way, the opposite of the protagonist. The antagonist
is usually someone who instigates the biggest conflict of the story. This
is where you can often learn a lot about the character’s motivation.
- Major character. A
major character will always have a significant role in the story, but not
significant enough to land him the title of the protagonist. A major
character also usually has a close connection to the protagonist.
- Minor character. Minor
characters are usually static and serve only as a foil to the story
development. We don’t see their own actions or motivation, but they can
help you analyze the protagonist better.
- Dynamic character. The
term “dynamic character” is rarely pointing at a standalone character
type. In most cases, the protagonist and the antagonist will also be
dynamic characters, which means that they move and act to progress the
- Static character.
Static characters hardly show any growth or progression throughout the
book. However, that doesn’t always mean they are completely uninteresting.
In fact, exploring the reasons for their static state can be a challenge
of its own.
- Stereotype. Authors
will often add one or several stereotype characters to the story to fill
the space and give you some recognizable images. The characters of people
who are attractive but dumb, or are geeks, or are hardcore members of any
subculture, are usually stereotypes.
How To Analyze A Character
In many cases, the character you are about to analyze falls into two or
more character categories. That is perfectly okay and actually was the
intention of the author. To do an in-depth analysis of the character and their
place in the story, you will need to go through the following steps:
- Describe the
character’s personality. Even if the author does not outright describe any
personality traits of this particular character, you can usually point
them out from the things he does or says, or from the things other
characters say about him.
- Talk about the role
the character has in the story. Depending on the type of the character and
the progression of the story, your character can have anything from a
minor to the main role in the book.
- Analyze the
development and growth of the character. How has the character and his
actions changed since the story began? Has the character become more
mature or has he stagnated in his development? There can be several ups
and downs for the character throughout the book, and it’s important to
analyze them all.
Character Analysis Outline
When it comes to the structure of your critical analysis paper, there
are no surprises — your work will consist of an introduction, several body
paragraphs, and a conclusion. Here is what every part of your paper should look
Introduction. The introduction to your character analysis should generate interest in the audience and convince them to continue reading the story. You should add a brief character description, as well as include a thesis statement, where you will put your main argument regarding the character’s position in the story.
Body paragraphs. In most cases, your character analysis will have three
paragraphs, each with its specific purpose. In the first paragraph, you will talk
about the character’s physical and personality traits. Here you will also
mention their background, which can be a huge influence on their actions. The
second paragraph should be dedicated to the conflicts the character goes
through and whether he is able to overcome them or succumbs to the negative
circumstances. The third and final paragraph will be your analysis of the
character’s impact on the story and whether we, as readers, can learn something
from the character’s journey.
Conclusion. The conclusion of your story is where you draw a line
underneath the story. You can do a brief summary of everything you said in the
previous parts of the paper, and then state again why you believe your thesis
statement holds true. It is a good idea to strengthen your argument with a
relevant quote or fact from the book.